References for Millers Falls Biographies

References for Charles H. Amidon page

Charles H. Amidon page

  1. The reader should be advised that census records are inconsistent with regard to Charles H. Amidon’s birthplace.
  2. Donald & Anne Wing. “The Workings of a Plane Factory.” The Mechanick’s Workbench. No. 10, August 1980, p. 3, 10-11.
  3. United States Letters Patent No. 14,454.
  4. Unless otherwise cited, most information on the Amidon manufacturing company is courtesy of Gazette and Courier. Greenfield, Mass., Jan. 1870-May 1877.
  5. Biographical Review: Sketches of the Leading Citizens of Franklin County, Massachusetts. Boston: Biographical Review Publishing Company, 1895. p. 168.
  6. The drill: United States Letters Patent No. 134,237. The bit brace: United States Letters Patent No. 140,451.
  7. The pivoting wheel baby carriage: United States Letters Patent No. 134,623. The adjustable-top baby carriage: United States Letters Patent No. 161,086.
  8. Insurance and loss: "Franklin County." Massachusetts Spy. January 28, 1879. p.3
  9. The Industries of Buffalo: a Resumé of the Mercantile and Manufacturing Progress of the Queen of the Lakes ... Buffalo: Elstner Publishing Company, 1887. p. 258; Buffalo City Directory for the Year 1873. Buffalo: Warren, Johnson & Co., 1873. p. 161.
  10. 'Millers Falls." Gazette and Courier. Greenfield, Mass., May 21, 1877.
  11. The brace wrench: United States Letters Patent No. 193,632; the brace: United States Letters Patent No. 201,379.
  12. Buffalo City Directory for the Year 1878. Buffalo: The Courier Company, 1878. p. 197; Buffalo City Directory for the Year 1879. Buffalo: The Courier Company, 1879. p. 212. The Harris patents: United States Letters Patent No. 184,241; United States Letters Patent No. 215,918.
  13. The Industries of Buffalo. p. 112-113; Buffalo City Directory for the Year 1884. Buffalo: Buffalo Courier Co., 1884. p. 210.
  14. Eighth Annual Report of the Factory Inspector of the State of New York. Albany: James B. Lyon, 1894. p. 636.

Charles H. Amidon page

References for Quimby S. Backus page

Quimby S. Backus page

  1. William H. Jeffrey. Vermont: a Souvenir of its Government, 1902-1903. Montpelier, Vt: Watchman Co., 1902.
  2. “Quimby S. Backus.” Genealogical and Family History of the State of Vermont: a Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Founding of a Nation. New York & Chicago: Lewis, 1903. p. 536-537.
  3. “Home and Business Matters.” Vermont Chronicle. Bellows Falls, Vt., September 4, 1869. p. 4; Advertisement. Vermont Chronicle. Bellows Falls, Vt., February 5, 1870. p. 3.
  4. Thanks to Kendall H. Bassett for providing information on the officers of the Backus Vise Company via the firm’s letterhead. Letter, Fred C. Hubbard to Messrs. Norris H. Bragg & Sons, May 27, 1871. Mr. Bassett also provided information on the acquisition of the Union Vise Company patents.
  5. The bulk of the information about the Backus Vise Company, in its Millers Falls location, was located in the Gazette and Courier. Greenfield, Mass., 1870-Sept. 1873. The information was taken from small snippets scattered throughout widely divergent issues.
  6. The wrench: United States Letters Patent No. 132,789; the angular bitstock: United States Letters Patent No. 132,790; the bit brace: United States Letters Patent No. 132,791.
  7. Mr. Oldwrench. “An International Wrench?” Fine Tool Journal. v. 53, no. 4, spring 2004, p.16-18.
  8. United States Letters Patent No. 48,763.
  9. United States Patent Office. Official Gazette. April 13, 1880. p. 130-131.
  10. United States Letters Patent No. 233,464; United States Letters Patents No. 234,517.
  11. Benjamin F. Thurston. John E. Sinclair, et al. vs. Quimby S. Backus: Notes on the Closing Argument for the Defendant. Providence, R. I.: Angell, Hammett & Co., 1879.
  12. United States Patent Office. Official Gazette. June 29, 1880. p. 205-206.
  13. United States Letters Patent No. 216,776.
  14. Advertisement. Carpentry and Building. August 1880.
  15. The catalog consists of 32 consecutively numbered pages without a unifying title page or cover.
  16. United States Letters Patent No. 250,670; United States Letters Patents No. 225,682. Bostwick was also issued a patent for a pipe wrench in 1883: United States Letters Patent No. 271,595.
  17. United States Letters Patent No. 275,011.
  18. The asbestos lined bed: United States Letters Patent No. 334,504. Notice of financial problems: "Trade Embarrassments." Bradstreet's Weekly, December 20, 1884. p. 396.
  19. Information on the heating devices: “Miscellaneous Manufactures.” History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. Chicago: Brown, Runk, 1892. p. 366; Notice that braces had been “unavailable for some time”: Wood Workers’ Tools: Being a Catalogue of Tools, Supplies, Machinery and Similar Goods ... Detroit: Charles A. Strelinger & Company, 1897. p. 891.
  20. Mason A. Green. Nineteen-Two in Vermont: the Fight for Local Option, Ten Years After. Rutland, Vt.: Marble City Press, 1912. p. 49, 97, 179.
  21. “The Backus Heater Company.” Merchant Plumber and Fitter. Feb. 10, 1913. p. 134.

Quimby S. Backus page

References for Levi J. Gunn page

Levi J. Gunn page

  1. General information on Levi Gunn: Biographical Review: Sketches of the Leading Citizens of Franklin County, Massachusetts. Boston: Biographical Review Publishing Company, 1895. p. 285-286; “Gunn Made Big Dream Come True.” In: A Century of Experience: Millers Falls Company. Greenfield, Mass.: Greenfield Record, Gazette and Courier, August 13, 1968; Daniel P. Toomey and Thomas C. Quinn. Massachusetts of To-day: a Memorial of the State, Historical and Biographical, Issued for the World’s Columbian Exposition at Chicago. Boston: Columbia Publishing Company, 1892. p. 583.
  2. On Parker & Hubbard and Conway Tool: Emil and Martyl Pollak. A Guide to Makers of American Wooden Planes. 4th edition. Mendham, N. J.: Astragal Press, 2001. p. 100, 311.
  3. On Greenfield Tool: Donald and Anne Wing. “The Workings of a Plane Factory.” The Mechanick’s Workbench. Catalog No. 10, August 1980, p. 3, 10-11.
  4. Parker: United States Letters Patent No. 123,927, reissued as No. 6113; Colburn: United States Letters Patent No. 102,372; Pearce: United States Letters Patent No. 314,189, reissued as No. 10,831, United States Letters Patent No. 314,192.
  5. The Federal Reporter. Vol. 25: Cases Argued and Reported in the Circuit and District Courts of the United States: October 1865-February 1866. St. Paul: West Publishing Company, 1886. p. 101-103.
  6. R. C. Graves. Letters to Millers Falls Company, Millers Falls, Massachusetts, July 15, 1879; July 17, 1879. Two from a packet of forty-seven letters. Private collection.
  7. I have no hard evidence linking the extended Graves family to the drill. A number of his wife's extended family were involved in tool manufacture or sales and are likely candidates for its development.

References for L. Garth Huxtable page

L. Garth Huxtable page

  1. L. Garth Huxtable papers. Collection no. 8158, Box no. 5, unnumbered folder. American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, Laramie.
  2. The wondrous decline in the cost of the Model T is often reported and frequently used to illustrate the benefits of mass production. Arthur Pulos uses the example in his landmark design history. The American Design Ethic: a History of Industrial Design to 1940. MIT Press, 1988. p. 252-256.
  3. Arthur J. Pulos. The American Design Ethic: a History of Industrial Design to 1940. MIT Press, 1988. p. 344.
  4. United States Design Patent No. 140,810, April 10, 1945.
  5. U. S. Industrial Design, 1949-1950. New York: Studio Publications, 1949. p. 130.
  6. L. Garth Huxtable papers. Collection no. 8158, Box no. 5, unnumbered envelope marked “Patents.” American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, Laramie.
  7. Arthur J. Pulos. The American Design Adventure, 1940-1975. MIT Press, 1988. p. 344.

References for Henry L. Pratt page

Henry L. Pratt page

  1. Pratt family: Biographical Review: Sketches of the Leading Citizens of Franklin County, Massachusetts. Boston: Biographical Review Publishing Company, 1895. p. 532-535.
  2. The Wendell saw mill: “Supreme Court Decisions.” Gazette and Courier. Greenfield, Mass., Jan 14, 1867. (Pratt was sued.)
  3. H. L. Pratt is listed as treasurer of the Detroit Chair Factory in the Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1867-8. Detroit: Chapman and Brother, 1867. p. 164.
  4. Robert Shaplan. Free Love and Heavenly Sinners: the Story of the Great Henry Ward Beecher Scandal. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1954.
  5. Pratt’s role in the Beecher-Tilton scandal: The New York Times, March 9, 15, 29, 31; May 11, 19, 1876; June 14, 26, 1878.
  6. Allan D. Adie. “75 Years of Honest Endeavor.” Dyno-mite, December 1943, p. 19.
  7. Obituaries: “Henry L. Pratt.” Brooklyn Daily Eagle. December 13, 1900, p. 6; Proceedings at the Twenty-Second Annual Meeting and the Twenty-Second Annual Festival of the New England Society in the City of Brooklyn. Borough of Brooklyn, 1902, p. 12; Greenfield Recorder. December 19, 1900; William S. Pelletreau. History of Long Island, Vol. 3, New York: Lewis Publishing Co., 1905, p. 258-262.

References for Leonard C. Pratt page

Leonard C. Pratt page

References for Philip Rogers page

Philip Rogers page

References for Clemens B. Rose page

Clemens B. Rose page

  1. Rose family: John H. Lockwood. Western Massachusetts: a History, 1636-1925. Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1926. Vol. 4, p. 756; also, Christine Rose. Descendents of Robert Rose of Wethersfield and Branford Connecticut. San Jose, Calif.: Rose Family Association, 1983. p. 293-294, 377.
  2. On Hiram Wells: Christopher Clark and Kerry W. Buckley, eds. Letters from an American Utopia: the Stetson Family and the Northampton Association, 1843-1847. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2004. p. 190.
  3. On the explosion: Charles A. Sheffeld, ed. The History of Florence, Massachusetts: Including a Complete Account of the Northampton Association of Education and Industry. Florence, Mass.: published by the editor, 1895. p. 109-110.
  4. “Sunderland.” Gazette and Courier. Greenfield, Mass., February 1, 1864; February 22, 1864.
  5. The fire: “Sunderland.” Gazette and Courier. Greenfield, Mass., April 15, 1867.
    The brace patent: United States Letters Patent No. 63,944.
  6. Annual Report of the American Institute of the City of New York for the Year 1867-1868. Albany: Printing House of Chas. Van Benthuysen & Sons, 1868. p. 33.
  7. The sweep handle: United States Letters Patent No. 82,251.
  8. “Greenfield Items.” Gazette and Courier. Greenfield, Mass., April 26, 1869; June 28, 1869; August 16, 1869.

References for Edward P. Stoughton page

Edward P. Stoughton page

  1. Stoughton family: Encyclopedia of American Biography. New Series. v. 11. New York: American Historical Society, 1940. p. 597.
  2. “Did you know --” Dyno-mite June 1961, p. 8.
  3. C. M. Heath. “The History of Our New York Store.” Brace Bits. v. 1, no. 3, January 1921, p. 1-2.
  4. Stoughton’s obituary: New York Times, October 4, 1939, p. 25, col. 5.